Pollution Research Paper

Vol.30, Issue 2, 2011; Page No.(169-175)

IMPACT OF BIODIVERSITY ON INDUSTRY

PAPIYA DEB AND MADHAV N. WELLING

Abstract

Biodiversity is the variation of taxonomic life forms within a given ecosystem, biome or for the entire Earth. Biodiversity is often used as a measure of the health of biological systems. Biodiversity encompasses all biological entities occurring as an interacting system in a habitat or ecosystem and plants and animals constitute a very important segment of such biological systems. Biodiversity of plants and animals collectively known as genetic resources is a key component of tourism, healthcare any agricultural production system; indeed, of any ecosystem, without which natural evolutionary adjustment of the system to the changing environmental and biotic conditions would be impossible. Plant and animal biodiversity is an irreplaceable resource, providing raw materials for introduction, domestication as well as improvement programmes in agriculture and forestry. Conservation and use of genetic diversity for sustainable ecosystem or agro-ecosystem should be continuous to meet food, clothing, shelter, economic and health requirements of Indias growing population. By integrating sustainability into business and reducing carbon emissions, the manufacturing sector has indirectly got itself involved in the process. The paper discusses impact of biodiversity on four sectors- Tourism, Agriculture-food industry, Healthcare and Manufacturing industry.

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