Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol 25, Issue 1 2019; Page No.(176-183)

NATURE POTENTIALS AND IMPLICATION FOR ECOTOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN SINTANG REGENCY WEST KALIMANTAN, INDONESIA

Antonius, Agus Suman, Amin Setyo Leksono and Harsuko Riniwati

Abstract

This study aims to determine the potential of natural ecotourism in the Area of Baning Nature Tourist Park (NTP), west Kalimantan, Indonesia. This research was conducted in Baning NTP area of Sintang Regency. Data collection method consists of primary data collection through observation and interview, while secondary data through interview with related institutions and documentation and literature. Sampling of vegetation and tourism object were made by a transect with continuous quadrate plot method. Vegetation analysis was done in 15 nested sampling plots; each consisted of seedling (2 x 2 m2), sapling (5 x 5 m2), pole (10 x 10 m2) and tree (20 x 20 m2). Animals were observed through tracking in 600 m long with 3 replication. Result of observation was combined with indirect sampling through local people interviews. The results showed that the potential tourist attraction of Baning consists of the flora-fauna species, a natural scenery and traditional cultures. Potential flora consists of various of tree species, including species of Rengas paya (Gluta aptera), Rengas (G. renghas), Dark Red Meranti (Shorea pachyphylla), belong to Dipterocarpaceae and Anacardiaceae families. Other tree species included Jongkong (Dactylocladus stenostachys), Sepitir paya (Copaifera palustris) and ramin (Gonistylus bancanus). Several shrub species were considered possessed high tourism value include Nepenthes spp and orchids. Endemic fauna species were the Maroon Langur (Presbitis rubicunda). The Malayan Pangolin (Manis javanicus) had a potential appointed as flagship species. Cultural potencies were identified in the form of dance art studio, Betang long house (traditional house of Dayak tribe) and Dayak weaving. Development of potential natural resources that exist as a tourism object must be established with the concept of ecotourism. Therefore the development of the location should be reserved for special interest tourists, such as bird watch tower, tour by boat in the periphery of forest environment and develop of a sanctuary for mammals, the need to empower the local communities and involve all parties including private sector and NGOs to develop the existing potential.

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