Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol 24, Issue 4 2018; Page No.(1786-1798)

INVESTIGATION OF PHYSICOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS TO ASSESS GROUNDWATER QUALITY DUE TO SOLID WASTE DUMPING - A CASE STUDY

P. Vijayalakshmi and Marykutty Abraham

Abstract

This research evaluated the groundwater quality of Chennai city, Kanchipuram District, Tamil Nadu. The investigations were made in post-monsoon (July 2017 to December 2017) season to evaluate the suitability of water for domestic purpose. Twenty Groundwater samples including of bore wells (BW), open wells (OW), and Hand Pumps (HP) are taken from different locations at Periya eri landfill, Chromepet and were analyzed for physicochemical Parameters such as pH, Electrical Conductivity (EC), Total Hardness (TH), Total Dissolved Solids (TDS), Chloride (Cl), Zinc (Zn), Iron (Fe) and Lead (Pb).The impact of leachate on ground water quality was evaluated. Each parameter was compared with standard permissible limit as prescribed by World Health Organization (WHO) and Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) which indicates that most of the ground water samples are not potable for drinking purposes. The analysis of the collected samples reveals that the stated water quality parameters have not complied with the standards, and the water is not fit for drinking and domestic purposes. An effective groundwater management plan of artificial recharge is necessary to conserve valuable groundwater resources.

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