Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol 24, Issue 4 2018; Page No.(1691-1696)


Bharanitharan Ramanathan, K. Thangamani and S. Sundaresan


In recent times there is new interest for agro based natural fibre such as Jute in the light of growing global concern for environmental preservation and control of pollution. Jute and allied fibres can certainly be considered as a potential substitute for many of the eco-friendly and biodegradable products that will replace majority of today’s popular products which are posing severe threats to our environment. Ones at the time Jute was the major foreign exchange earner for millions of people in India. Today the production and processing of all fibre like Jute, Kenaf, Ramie and Sisal are in a considerably bad shape, because these materials are in most cases, especially on industrial applications, substituted by synthetic materials or fibres like polyester, polypropylene or other inorganic materials. In diverse industrial sectors natural fibres such as Jute for instance are used in fare less application than theoretically possible. Growing market for natural fibre based industrial applications offers new possibilities for Jute fibre. In order to meet the challenge in this area, products made out of Jute should adopt new technologies for industrial applications. Also there is a scope to create newer market with innovative products. Here the natural fibre of bast and leaf origin will be having an important role to play in the field of nonwovens. The potential of Jute fibres is not at all exploited fully for development of nonwovens although the mechanical characteristics of these fibres are very encouraging. When one considers the bast and leaf fibres grown in South Asia, Jute automatically becomes eligible for various end uses as it has much higher relative strength, availability, cost competitive as compared to other bast and leaf fibre for producing cost effective nonwovens. This paper addresses all these aspects in order to have a better alternative way for making products using Jute fibre. In the Jute industry there has to be a technological change away from the traditional spinning and weaving processes, which are unhealthy and have a lot of dust emissions. New processes will lead to better working conditions. A comparison with the traditional textile production shows, that the new applications are offering also very attractive opportunities to invest and growth for Indian textile industry. In this research high loft textile has been developed by using Jute fibre and its potential for applications like sound insulation and thermal insulation has been studied. And other various end uses of the developed product are also given.

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