Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol 24, Issue 4 2018; Page No.(1619-1625)

THE INFLUENCE OF SEEDING TIME ON GROWTH DEVELOPMENT AND PRODUCTIVITY OF SUNFLOWER IN THE DRY STEPPE AREA

Beybit Nasiyev, Nurbolat Zhanatalapov and Alexander Bushnev

Abstract

Over the last five years, the drought-resistant crop of sunflower has been increasingly cultivated in the 1st dry-steppe zone of the Western Kazakhstan region. An important reserve for improving the yield rate of sunflower, along with the introduction of new highly productive varieties and hybrids, is mastering the agriculture methods. Especially important is the choice of the most optimal seeding time. In the adaptive technology of cultivating, seeding sunflower in the optimal time is one of the most important conditions that determine obtaining timely, vigorous and complete shoots, and good development of plants afterwards. The research was aimed at studying the elements of adaptive sunflower cultivating technology for providing high-quality raw materials to the manufacturers of vegetable oil. As a result of the research, data have been obtained about studying the elements of sunflower cultivation adaptive technologies, namely, the time of seeding in the conditions of the 1st dry-steppe zone of the Western Kazakhstan region, when sunflower is cultivated for seed and fodder.

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