A REVIEW ON DESIGN BASIS FOR CONSTRUCTED WETLANDS FOR WASTEWATER TREATMENT AND K-C MODELKRUTI JETHWA AND P.K. CHAUDHARI
Since last few years Constructed Wetlands (CWs) are being used to treat secondary or tertiary municipal or domestic wastewater effluents have been recognized as an effective means of green technology for wastewater treatment. Constructed wetlands (CWs) provide a natural way for simple, inexpensive, and robust wastewater treatment. The idea of natural management systems is the restoration of disturbed ecosystems and their sustainability for remuneration to nature. The Constructed wetlands (CWs) are designed to copy natural wetland systems, utilizing wetland plants, soil and associated microorganisms using various biological and physicochemical processes to remove unwanted constituents from wastewater effluents. This review paper studies various types of constructed wetlands, i.e., surface or subsurface, vertical or horizontal flow and their type of operation, i.e., continuous, batch or intermittent flow, loading rate, selection of plants and wastewater characteristics that affect the treatment efficiency. The design models with their suitability for various parameters and operational conditions such as Darcys equation, Kadlec and Knight Model (K-C* model), Arrhenius equation, and population equivalent calculation have been discussed. Lastly, future research requirements have been considered.
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