STUDY THE EFFECT OF ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD ON SOME PHYSIOLOGICAL AND HISTOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS ON THE LIVER OF MICENIDHAL IBRAHIM, SHAIMAA HAJALAN, ASMAA WAJIH, NAGAM KHUDHAIR, AHMED KHALID AND ABID ALI THAKER
Since electromagnetic fields are present everywhere all over the world and are produced by either natural sources or human-made sources, there is a growing interest in the potential biological effects on both human and animal health. For that, we conducted this study. The aim of the present work is to evaluate the effect of electromagnetic field (EMF) of intensities 217G generated from 220 volt electric on the physiology and histology of the liver in male mice. The male mice were, the whole body, exposed to these intensities an hour/day for 30 days. In this study, twenty adult male Swiss mice at 30 days were divided into two groups of 10 animals: Group I (control group) was not exposed to EMF and Group II (experimental group) was exposed to an hour/day for 30 days to 217G generated from 220 volts electric. At the end of 30 days, the mice were weighted sacrificed dissected, after then the liver was weighted and submitted for histoogic examination. The rat liver function was studied through analysis of Aspartate transaminase (AST), Alkanine transaminase (ALT), Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and total dissolved protein, after exposure to the magnetic fields. The results showed that exposure to the electromagnetic field had a significant increase in total dissolved protein, and ALT concentration compared with control group (P<0.01). And a significant decrease in Concentration of ALP enzyme compared to control group (P<0.01). While there was no a significant increase in the efficacy of (AST) compared with the control group. Also, the histological study showed significant tissue changes in the central vein and proximal blood pockets compared to control group.
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