Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol 24, Issue 3 2018; Page No.(1131-1136)

THE INFLUENCE OF THREE LEAVES AS FEED TO LIFE CYCLE OF GRAPHIUM AGAMEMNON (LEPIDOPTERA : PAPILIONIDAE)

Yayan Sanjaya, Suhara and Mimi Halimah

Abstract

Butterflies are fascinating wild animals because of its beauty. Its population is highly dependent on the host plant as a source of energy in every phase of life. The conservation efforts made to tackle these problems. Graphium agamemnon known that the larvae live on the host that pertained family Annonaceae and Magnoliaceae but have not been studied previously for Piperaceae presence in plants. This study is aimed to compare the growth and development of the larval stages of Graphium agamemnon at the third plant host is Polyalthia longifolia, Annona muricata and Piper aduncum. This research method is completely randomized for using environmental conditions, media, tools and materials are homogeneous. Observations included Graphium agamemnon’s growth and development from egg to become imago (adult butterflies) with the parameters of the number of individual survival, development and expansion of growing old. The study was conducted at temperatures ranging from 26-28 oC and humidity ranging from 82-83% with an average of 82.70 ± 12.46%. Each larva will be given in the form of the leaf blade feed ad libitum (as needed larvae) once a day, with the number of servings same relative phase level. The feeding is done during the larval stages that range between 20-21 days. Results showed Polyalthia longifolia has the highest survival percentage of 100%, Annona muricata showed growing larvae shortest namely 34.96 ± 6:24 today, and the biggest growth was shown by the larvae at Piper aduncum.

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