ANALYSIS OF SOLID WASTE AND MANAGEMENT SYSTEM AT SALEM DISTRICT (INDIA) WITH SHREDDING MACHINESJ. SANKAR AND N. BALASUNDARAM
To keep urban centres clean, Solid waste management is one among the basic essential service provided by the municipal authorities in the country. However, it is one of the poorest services in the country. They apply unscientific, outdated and inefficient system; population coverage is low and the poor are marginalized. Leading to insanitary living conditions, waste is littered all over the places. To deal effectively with the ever growing problem of solid waste management, Municipal laws governing the urban local bodies do not have adequate provisions. The situation is becoming critical with rapid urbanization. Either at household level or at community bin, there is no organized and scientifically planned segregation of MSW. Under very unsafe and hazardous conditions, segregation and sorting is taking place and as unorganized sector segregates only valuable discarded constituents from waste stream, the effectiveness of segregation is reasonably low which can guarantee them comparatively higher economic return in the recycling market. The segregated constituents got mixed up again during transportation and disposal on a number of occasions, due to improper handling. The Proper scientific disposal of waste is deprived because of lack of segregation). MSW disposal is possible with low cost, through smart compression and transporting techniques. This paper has taken Salem district, Tamilnadu, India for research and survey area for solid waste management.
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