Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol 24, Issue 2 2018; Page No.(968-975)

THE VULNERABILITY ANALYSIS OF MANGROVE FOREST STATUS AS A TOURISM AREA

Nuddin Harahab, Harsuko Riniwati and Zainal Abidin

Abstract

Ecotourism management is a relationship between tourism manager and related stakeholders. Mangrove ecotourism management is important because mangrove is an important resource in coastal areas and has a high degree of vulnerability in the sense of being sensitive to the disturbance. The purpose of this study is to analyze the status of mangrove vulnerability as a tourism area. The method used is Multi Dimensional Scaling (MDS) analysis using Rapfish (Rapid Appraisal for Fisheries) software. Assessment of the vulnerability status of mangrove forests in Clung up and Gatra beaches used six dimensions: artificial physical, socio-economic and demographic, environment, community participation, management, and regulation. The result shows that the vulnerability value of each dimensions are artificial physical 40.7%,socio-economic and demographic 69.1%, environment 21.3%, community participation 68.8%, management 41.0%, and regulation 31.0%. The value of the seven dimensions indicate that mangrove forest as tourism area are vulnerable to the dimensions of the socio-economic and demographic, and community participation.

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