ATYPICAL MODEL OF THE INTERACTION OF NEANDERTHALS AND EARLY NEOANTHROPES AS HUMAN MIND EVOLUTION FACTORANDREY NIKOLAEVICH ZADVORNOV, ASKAR GAFIATULLOVICH HAIRULLIN, ELMIRA ILDAROVNA SHAISULTANOVA, LILIYA ROBERTOVNA MURTAZINA AND TATYANA VICTOROVNA BESSONOVA
The relevance of the present study is associated with the need of inclusion in the scientific discourse of the original provisions of B.F. Porshnevs anthropogenesis theory. For this purpose, critical analysis of the theory has been conducted and adjustments have been made based on the contemporary data of philosophical anthropology, palaeo anthropology, and palaeogenetics. The purpose of this article is examining the evolution mechanism of mind attributes in early Neoanthropes that has led to the transition from the herd instinct to public consciousness. The main attributes of mind include sociality, discourse, and critical thinking associated with developed consciousness. A leading approach to the study of this problem consists in dialectical methodology that allows examining systematically the genesis of the human mind in both theoretical terms and its empirical manifestations. The article presents a hypothesis, challenging the strictly evolutionary approach to the origins of the human mind and assuming that atypical divergent model of inter specific interactions of Neanderthals and Neoanthropes could be a factor of anthropogenesis. This atypical model based on artificial spontaneous selection, became, on the one hand, a factor in the development of attributes of the ancient people, and on the other hand, contributed to the involution and extinction of Neanderthals population. The novelty of the present research consists in attempt to justify divergent model of inter specific interactions as the most systematic and combining dialectically symbiotic, non-conformist, and conformist model.
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