STUDYING AGROPHYTOCENOSES OF SUDAN GRASS IN THE DRY STEPPE ZONE OF WEST KAZAKHSTANBEYBIT NASIYEV, ANVAR TLEPOV, NURBOLAT ZHANATALAPOV, ASKHAT BEKKALIEV1 AND RAKHIMZHAN YELESHEV
Strengthening the fodder base is one of the priorities in the agriculture of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Accomplishing this task is important for developing livestock production, providing fodder for this branch, and maintaining and improving soil fertility. In the system of measures aimed at creating sustainable food supply, an important role is played by agrarian lands where forage crops are cultivated. Efficiency of using fodder fields was increased by selecting the most productive fodder crops and improving adaptive technologies of their cultivation. In West Kazakhstan, the most promising crop is Sudan grass. Sudan grass is a high-yielding drought-resistant crop; in the conditions of the dry steppe zone, 1-2 full mowing of Sudan grass may be obtained. After mowing or rational grazing, Sudan grass, unlike other annual crops, grows fast (5-10 cm within 24 hours). This feature makes it possible to extensively use it in the green forage chain in the conditions of boharic lands. This research was aimed at studying the adaptive technology of Sudan grass cultivation for providing high-grade fodder for cattle breeding. As a result of the research, data have been obtained on studying the adaptive technology of cultivating Sudan grass in single crop and mixed sowings in the conditions of the West Kazakhstan region.
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