Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol 23, Issue 4, 2017; Page No.(2096-2100)

EFFECT OF ZINC AND BORON ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF DIFFERENT CULTIVARS OF GARLIC (ALLIUM SATIVUM L.)

Hemlata Gorana, Om Singh*, R. Gallani and S.S. Kushwah

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted at the research farm, College of Horticulture, Mandsaur during 2014-15. Twelve treatment combinations comprising of three levels of micronutrients viz., F1 (RDF+ No micronutrient), F2 (RDF+ one foliar spray of zinc sulphate 0.5% and borax 0.3%) and F3 (RDF+ two foliar spray of zinc sulphate 0.5% and borax 0.3%) and four cultivars viz., V1 (G-1), V2 (G-41), V3 (G-282) and V4 (G-50) were tested in factorial randomized block design with three replications. The results revealed that application of F3 recorded maximum plant height (81.92cm), number of leaves (8.09), leaf area per plant (1513.68cm2), polar diameter (4.63cm), weight of bulb (37.27g), number of cloves per bulb (27.42), weight of 100 cloves (152.17g), bulb yield (146.19q/ha) and sulphur content in bulb (1.33%). Amongst the varieties, G-282 showed significantly higher plant height (82.78cm), number of leaves (8.32), leaf area per plant (1495.06cm2), polar diameter (4.67cm), weight of bulb (37.06g), number of cloves per bulb (28.44), weight of 100 cloves (155.78g), bulb yield (156.85q/ha) and sulphur content in bulb (1.34%). It may be concluded that in addition to recommended dose of fertilizers two times foliar spray of micronutrients (zinc sulphate 0.5% and borax 0.3%) and cultivar G-282 proved as suitable technologies for the region on yield and economical basis.

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