Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol 23, Issue 3, 2017; Page No.(1646-1650)

EFFECT OF CLIMATE RESILIENT TECHNOLOGIES ON THE GROWTH, YIELD AND ECONOMICS OF TOMATO (SOLANUM LYCOPERSICUM L.)

Sharafat Hussain, R.K. Samnotra, Divya Slathia, Deachen Angmo and Sandeep Chopra

Abstract

An experiment was carried out to study the effect of different planting methods with and without mulch on growth, yield and relative economics of five commercially tomato hybrids during spring summer season. Maximum plant height (87.12 cm), minimum days to 50 % flowering (27.40 days) and minimum days to marketable maturity (67.13 days) were recorded when crop was grown under wide ridge mulch method. Comparing the varieties, Heem Sohna recorded maximum plant height (109.99 cm) while minimum days for 50 % flowering (27.33 days) and days to marketable maturity (67.58 days) were recorded in NS-2535 and US-3383. Among the varieties, NS 816 recorded maximum fruit weight (64.48 g) whereas in different planting methods, it was recorded maximum (55.35 g) when crop was grown under ridge-furrow mulch method. Highest number of fruits per plant (31.10), fruit yield per plant (1.36 kg), total yield (341.90 q/ha) and marketable yield (256.46 q/ha) were recorded in non-conventional wide ridge method. With different varieties, maximum number of fruits per plant (37.04), fruit yield per plant (1.39 kg), total yield (367.62 q/ ha) and marketable yield (253.86 q/ha) were recorded in US 3383. The highest B:C ratio of 1:5.38. was recorded in Heem Sohna, grown under non-conventional wide ridge method.

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