Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol 23, Issue 1, 2017; Page No.(592-598)

NEW APPROACHES TO STABLE DEVELOPMENT OF CITIES ARCHITECTURE BY USING BRIDGE BUILDINGS AND PLATFORM BUILDINGS

Tat’yana Rustikovna Zabaluyeva

Abstract

Conditions of the economic development stipulate the need in the accelerated modernization of the road and transportation infrastructure that covers the road-transport industry, automobile roads, railways and constructions on them. Each of these components has a local negative impact on the environment. As a whole, this impact has not only the regional but also global nature. Due to this, the protection of the environment in Moscow when designing, building, reconstructing, repairing and maintaining, taking into account the needs to form the eco-network of the megalopolis, becomes an urgent problem. Quick quantitative growth of the car fleet, increase in their capacity, and speed of movement stipulated by the development of the automobile transport cause a considerable growth of the traffic intensity on roads. It causes the need to modernize them in order to improve their capacity, technical state and provision of the requirements of the environmental protection. One of the methods to decrease the negative impact of transport on the megalopolis is to build essentially new engineering constructions that allow to decrease anthropogenic negative impact on the ecology. Such engineering constructions are bridge and platform buildings that require accurate stipulation of their building and parameters for construction. The article shows the urgency and economic need to build essentially new constructions of the road and transport infrastructure. It considers projects of various types of bridge and platform buildings.

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