FORMS OF APARTMENT BUILDINGS TAKING INTO ACCOUNT SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE REQUIREMENTSOlga Leonidovna Bancerova
The goal of this research was to define the role of form making in real estate architecture in improving the energy efficiency of various types of houses. It is noted that taking into account the modern requirements of stable development when designing and constructing buildings, renewable sources of energy were used. At the same time specific experience has been accumulated on creating favorable micro-climate in premises by using form making methods. Various types of national houses were analyzed. In this analysis the building compactness ratio was taken as a criterion to estimate the architectural form. As a result of the research, it has been determined that buildings with the same content but different forms have different compactness ratios. Hemispherical form has a lower indicator of compactness 1.01, and it means a minimum heat loss as compared to conic, cylindrical and cubic buildings. The author have come to the conclusion that in addition to applying progressive modern technologies of energy supply, the work with the architectural form that serves as a factor of saving the consumed energy is important.
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