Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol 23, Issue 1, 2017; Page No.(249-255)

THE USE OF NATURAL PASTURES IN THE CONDITIONS OF VERTICAL ZONING IN THE SOUTHEAST OF KAZAKHSTAN

Kazbek Shugaevich Smailov Ilya Ilyich Alimayev Kanysh Imanovich Kushenov and Zhanetta Batyrkhanovna Issayeva

Abstract

Complex research is carried out on the rational use of natural pastures by means of the seasonal using of piedmont pastures in a specific area. On the basis of geobotanical survey, the farm areas were divided into seasons of their use with separation of plant associations. When seasonal using the accounting of yield of natural herbage by seasons is held and live weight gain per animal grazing period is determined; it was found that the use of seasonal grazing provides more live weight gain of the studied animals compared to animals that graze in one place with an unsystematic manner of grazing. From the period of 2015 to 2016, research in the land of “Batyr” farm in Korday region of Zhambyl oblast were conducted. The pasture lands of the farm consist of 5 independent sites that are located in 3 geographical areas: piedmont steppe, piedmont dry steppe and piedmont semi-desert. The total area of distant pastures is 4,200 hectares..

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