Pollution Research Paper

Vol. 35, Issue 4, 2016; Page No.(807-810)

A STUDY ON THE OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH HAZARD OF INDUSTRIAL WORKERS WORKING IN THE TANNERY INDUSTRIAL ENVIRONMENT AT DINDIGUL DISTRICT

K.THARA, IGNATIUS NAVIS KARTHIKA AND M.S. DHEENADAYALAN

Abstract

Health is a multi dimensional term. WHO denotes “a state of physical and social well being and not merely the absence of diseases or infirmity. When an individual’s health fails it is not only due to genetic or biological reasons, but his environment i.e., living and working conditions accounts for it. industrial environment and industrial waste water pollution causes a serious health hazard to Man. The study of Occupational Health and Safety in Tannery industry examines to promote Health and safety to the workers in India. The industrial workers working in such dangerous environment may have some occupational risks. The industrial and sewage pollutants can also have adverse impact on the hematological, biochemical parameters of the workers. The Hazards and risk involved in the tannery industry is given importance and most of accidents do not come to the legal formalities. The People are not aware of Health & safety is due to the workers are uneducated and management not given importance in Tannery industry. The major hazards happen are physical, chemical, ergonomically and physiologically hazards along with these some of things which can create hazards are more working hours, improper ventilation. Blood is an excellent indicator of metabolic disorder in the body. In our study, an attempt has been made to evaluate the effect of occupational industrial environment by pathological diagnosis using the blood sample of the industrial workers by means of hematological parameters viz., Total Leucocytes Count, Differential Count of Polymorphs, Lymphocytes, Eosinophiles and Basophile, Erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and Hemoglobin concentration under four different disease conditions for long time. The RPN (Risk priority number) has been finding out for all the hazards in the tannery industry and FEA (fault tree analysis) is done for the hazard. It is concluded based on the significant changes observed that bare handling of chemicals and its wastes at any stages may cause allergic skin diseases, dermatitis, tumor, asthma and tuberculosis.

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