THE NOSOCOMIAL BACTERIAL INFECTION IN ICU ADMITTED PATIENTS OF ALI IBN ABI TALIB HOSPITAL (AS), RAFSANJAN, IRAN FROM JUNE 2013 TO JULY 2014Ziba Shabani
The nosocomial infections are one of the most important mortality factors among the hospitalized patients. These infections cause 1-30 day extension in the hospitalization duration. This study was conducted with an aim to assess the outbreak rate of nosocomial infections in the ICU section of Ali Ibn Abi Talib Hospital (AS), Rafsanjan, in a course of one year. This was a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted in the form of census on the entire patients (600 persons) hospitalized in ICU section. Among the total participants 65 persons i.e. 10.8% of them suffered from nosocomial infection. In the present assessments 54 patients had positive and 11 negative cultures. The frequency of infectious factors with respect to the outbreak was Acetinobacter spp. and Escherichia coli respectively. The maximum infection sites were lower respiratory and blood circulation system respectively.Based on our studies, the nosocomial infection outbreak was 10.8%. The maximum infection site was respiratory system and the most prevalent organisms were Acetinobacter spp. and Escherichia coli respectively. As far as intubation is concerned, approximately 90% patients should be provided special attention specifically to reduce intubation and the personnel training period for regular suction of respiratory system discharges.
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