DIVERSIFICATION, LIVELIHOOD SECURITY AND SUSTAINABLE HILL AGRICULTURE: AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF BRINJAL CROP CULTIVATION IN JAMMU DISTRICT (J&K), INDIAS.P. Singh, Nimit Kumar, Anil Bhat, Harminder Singh, M. Iqbal Jeelani, Sanjeev Sharma and Amit Kumar
Vegetable cultivation is a part of diversification in Agriculture. Moreover in hill Agriculture due to scarcity of resources like water etc. it plays a great role in livelihood security as well as providing nutritional security in the food. Keeping these aspects in view an investigation entitled Diversification, Livelihood Security and Sustainable Hill Agriculture: An Economic Analysis of Brinjal Crop Cultivation in Jammu District (J&K) was conducted in R. S. Pura and Bishnah blocks of Jammu district where brinjal was cultivated during the agricultural year 2013-14. From the said development blocks, six villages (03 from each block) were selected randomly. Further, from each village, 10 (Ten) farmers were selected randomly, so as to constitute a total sample size of 60 farm households cultivating brinjal. Primary data on costs and returns of the crop were collected by interviewing the farmers by visiting them personally through an especially structured and pre-tested schedule. The per hectare cost C2 of cultivation of brinjal was Rs. 122019.23 on sample farms. The cost A1 constituted all direct cost and was Rs. 70413.74/hectare on sample farms. The cost A2 constituted was Rs. 81663.74/hectare on sampled farms. The cost B1 constituted was Rs. 72725.23/ hectare on sampled farms. The cost B2 constituted was Rs. 108659.23/hectare on sampled farms. The cost C1 constituted was Rs. 86085.23/hectare on sample farms. The gross return was Rs. 264000/hectare on sampled farms. The net return was Rs. 141980.77/hectare on sampled farms. The cost benefit ratio was 2.16.
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