Asian Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology & Environmental Sciences Paper

Vol 18, Issue 3, 2016; Page No.(803-806)

EFFECTS OF ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZA INOCULATION ON LENGTH, LEAF NUMBER AND FLOWERING OF ARACHIS PINTOI

TRINA EKAWATI TALLEI, JOHANIS JULIAN PELEALU AND FEBBY ESTER KANDOU

Abstract

The growing need for agriculture has increased interest in soil microorganisms that can improve soil fertility and / or stimulate nutrition and plant health. For example, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) is known as fungi, which are essential for the growth of many plant species. But the impact of inorganic, fertilizers intensification has become harmful to human health and the environment. On the other hand, organic fertilizer absorption by plants is considered still too slow. This study was aimed at applying commercial AMF on soil to help improving the soil fertility and the growth and development of pinto peanut Arachis pintoi. Commercial AMF consisted of Gigaspora margarita (INVAM-105), Glomus etunicatum (NPI-126), (Acaulospora tuberculata (INDO-2), and Glomus manihotis (INDO-1). Parameters observed including plant length, leaf number, and flowering. Results showed that commercial AMF application were capable to increase plant length, leaf number, and flower number. The results indicated that the mycorrhizal inoculation was capable to increase the absorption of nutrients by plants.

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