SPECIES COMPOSITION AND INJURIOUSNESS OF STRANGER XYLOPHILOUS FAUNA AFFECTING INDIGENOUS URBAN DENDROFLORA OF CENTRAL ASIAM. TURALIYEVA, A. YESHIBAEV, A. SAPARBEKOVA, L. AKYNOVA, R. ABILDAYEVA, M. SADENOVA, K. SARTAYEVA, A. SCHIEFFER2 AND I. DIGEL
At the present time, one of the most serious environmental problems of Central Asia and South Kazakhstan is the ongoing large-scale deterioration of principal urban tree populations. Several major centers of massive spread of invasive plant pests have been found in urban dendroflora of this region. The degree of damage of seven most wide-spread aboriginal tree species was found to range from 21.4±1.1 to 85.4±1.8%. In particular, the integrity of the native communities of sycamore (Platanus spp.), willow (Salix spp.), poplar (Populus spp.) and elm (Ulmus spp.) is highly endangered. Our taxonomic analysis of the most dangerous tree pests of the region has revealed them as neobiontic xylophilous insects such as Cossus cossus L. (Order: Lepidoptera L.) Monochamus urussovi Fisch., Monochamus sutor L., Acanthocinus aedelis L. and Ñetonia aureate L. (Order: Coleoptera L.). We relate the origin of this threatening trend with the import of industrial wood in the mid 90s of the last century that was associated with high degree of the constructional work in the region. Because of the absence of efficient natural predators of the pest species, the application of microbiological methods of the pest control and limitation is suggested.
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