Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol. 22, April Suppl. Issue 2016; Page No.(327-333)

SUSTAINABLE PRODUCTION OF ORGANIC BASMATI RICE IN MOLLISOLS OF UTTARAKHAND (INDIA)

D.K. Singh, Zenab Akhtar, Shilpi Gupta, A. Srivastava, Vishal V. Singh and Yogesh Sharma

Abstract

Field experiments were conducted at G.B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, India during rainy season 2012 and 2013 to explore possible outcomes of sustainable production of organic basmati rice in terms of productivity and water use efficiency in mollisols of Uttarakhand, India. Six treatments viz., conventional transplanting with Sesbania green manuring (GM) + vermicompost (VC), conventional transplanting with Farmyard manure (FYM) + VC, system of rice intensification (SRI) with FYM, direct seeded rice (DSR) with FYM, farmer’s practice organic control (FYM @ 10 t /ha) with continuous flooding and farmer’s practice chemical control recommended NPK (N70P40K30) was taken in randomized block design (RBD) with three replications. Traditional basmati rice variety Type-3 popularly known as Dehraduni Basmati was taken for study. Under organic amendments green manuring with sesbania increased the growth and yield parameters of rice due to high nitrogen accumulation and greater release of nitrogen. Overall higher productivity was found in SRI treatment.

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