Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol 22, Issue 1, 2016; Page No.(441-450)

PEOPLE'S BEHAVIOR IN MAINTAINING RESIDENTAL ENVIRONMENT AND SOME FACTORS AFFECTING IN THE WALENAE WATERSHED OF SOUTH SULAWESI PROVINCE, INDONESIA

Bakhrani Rauf

Abstract

This study aims to determine: (a) the behavior of the environmental maintenance, environmental knowledge, attitudes towards the environment, and motivation of community in maintain Walenae Watershed of South Sulawesi Province; (b) the effect of environmental knowledge, attitudes towards the environment, and motivation to maintain an environment both individually and simultaneously toward the public behavior to maintain the neighborhoods of the Walenae watershed. The independent variables are: (a) knowledge of the environment (X1), the attitude towards the environment (X2), and the motivation to maintain an environment (X3). The dependent variable is the behavior of the environmental maintenance (Y). The study location is in the Walenae watershed namely Soppeng, Wajo, and Bone District. The research areas selected by purposive sampling consist of one village of each district near the Walenae watershed. A total of 200 households as respondents which were selected by systematic random sampling of the three sample areas. Data were analized by descriptive and inferential statistical. Inferential analysis are a simple and multiple regression. The results showed that all of variables are in moderate category. Environmental knowledge (X1), the attitude towards the environment (X2), and the motivation to maintain an environment (X3) give the positive effect and significant contribution either individually or simultaneously on the people’s behavior to maintain the environment (Y) in the Walenae watershed of South Sulawesi Province.

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