Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol 21, Issue 4, 2015; Page No.(2109-2115)

LIMNOLOGICAL FEATURES OF DAL LAKE OF KASHMIR VALLEY WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO THE ANTHROPOGENIC PRESSURE ALONG ITS WATER SHED

Maqsooda Akhtar, Muni Parveen and Imtiyaz Qayoom

Abstract

A study was conducted on seasonal limnological characteristics of waters of Dal Lake of Kashmir valley. Besides temperature and other meteorological data, 13 limnological parameters were tested following standard methods at 4 sampling stations of the lake for one complete year from November 2012 – December 2013. The physico-chemical parameters (Temperature, Transparency, pH, Dissolved oxygen, Free CO2, Total alkalinity, Total hardness Conductivity, Chloride, Ammonical nitrogen, Nitrite nitrogen, Nitrate nitrogen, Total phosphorous etc.) showed distinct temporal or seasonal variations at all sites of the lake. The Air average temperature was 21.6±8.5; surface water temperature 18.7±8.2 Turbidity index (Secchidisc transparency) 1.15±0.58; Dissolved oxygen 5.9±2.77; pH 8.3±0.6; Conductivity average 368.2 ±188. The total Alkalinity was recorded 146±70.1; Free Carbon dioxide 17.5±8.6; Chloride content 29.3±17.1; Ammonical Nitrogen 414.3±339.6; Nitrate-Nitrogen 504.8±276.6; Nitrite-Nitrogen 52.9±21.3; Total Hardness 142.8±75.9 while as the average; Total phosphorous was 812.1±414.4. A significant correlation among various parameters depicted interdependence on each other and show fluctuation when any parameter marks any change. Almost all the calculated parameters indicate increase in pollution load mainly due to anthropogenic pressure and climatic factors that have resulted in eutrophic conditions of the lake, so immediate remedial measures need be taken for its protection from further deterioration.

Enter your contact information below to receive full paper.
Your Name :
Email:
Phone:
City:
Cost of Full Paper: Rs.75 for Indian Nationals or $20 (USD) for international subscribers.
By clicking on Request Paper you Agree to pay the above mentioned cost per paper.
  
Journal Issues
Vol 26, Issue 2, 2020
Vol 26, June Suppl. Issue, 2020
Vol 26, April Suppl. Issue, 2020
Vol 26, Issue 1, 2020
Vol 26, Feb Suppl. Issue, 2020
Vol 25, Issue 4 2019
Vol 25, Issue 3 2019
Vol 25, Nov Suppl. Issue, 2019
Vol 25, Sept Suppl. Issue, 2019
Vol 25, Aug Suppl. Issue, 2019
Vol 25, July Suppl. Issue, 2019
Vol 25, Issue 2 2019
Vol 25, May Suppl. Issue, 2019
Vol 25, April Suppl. Issue, 2019
Vol 25, Issue 1 2019
Vol 24, Issue 4 2018
Vol 24, Issue 3 2018
Vol 24, Issue 2 2018
Vol 24, Issue 1 2018
Vol 24, March Suppl. Issue 2018
Vol 24, Feb. Suppl. Issue 2018
Vol 23, Issue 4, 2017
Vol 23, Nov. Suppl. Issue 2017
Vol 23, Sept. Suppl. Issue 2017
Vol 23, Issue 2, 2017
Vol 23, Issue 3, 2017
Vol 23, Issue 1, 2017
Vol 23, Feb 2017 Suppl. Issue
Vol 22, Dec 2016 Suppl. Issue
Vol 22, Issue 4, 2016
Vol 22, Sept. Suppl. Issue , 2016
Vol 22, Issue 3, 2016
Vol. 22, June Suppl. Issue 2016
Vol 22, Issue 2, 2016
Vol. 22, April Suppl. Issue 2016
Vol 22, Issue 1, 2016
Vol 21, Issue 4, 2015
Vol. 21 Dec. 2015 Suppl. Issue
Vol. 21 Nov. 2015 Suppl. Issue
Vol 21, Issue 3, 2015
Vol 21, Issue 2, 2015
Vol. 21 Suppl.Issue August 2015
Vol 21.Suppl.Issue June 2015
Vol 21, Issue 1, 2015
Supplement Issue, Dec. 2014
Special Issue-2014
Vol 20, Issue 4, 2014
Vol 20, Issue 3, 2014
Vol 20, Issue 2, 2014
Vol. 20 Issue 01, 2014
Vol. 19 Issue 04, 2013
Vol. 19 Issue 03, 2013
Vol. 19, Issue 02, 2013
Vol. 19, Issue 01, 2013
Vol.18, Issue 04, 2012
Vol.18, Issue 3, 2012
Vol.18, Issue 2, 2012
Vol.18, Issue 1, 2012
Vol.17, Issue 4, 2011
Vol.17, Issue 3, 2011
Vol.17, Issue 2, 2011
Vol.17, Issue 1, 2011
Vol.16, Issue 4, 2010
Vol.16, Issue 3, 2010
Vol.16, Issue 2, 2010
Vol.16, Issue 1, 2010
Vol.15, Issue 04, 2009
Vol.15, Issue 03, 2009
Vol.15, Issue 02, 2009
Vol.15, Issue 1, 2009
Vol.14, Issue 04, 2008
Vol.14, Issue 2-3, 2008
Vol.14, Issue 2-3, 2008
Vol.14, Issue 1, 2008
Vol.14, Issue 2-3, 2008
Vol.13, Issue 04, 2007
Vol.13, Issue 2, 2007
Vol.13, Issue 1, 2007
Vol.12, Issue 4, 2006
Vol.12, Issue 3, 2006
Vol.12, Issue 2, 2006
Vol.12, Issue 1, 2006
Vol.12, Issue 01, 2006
Vol.11, Issue 3,4, 2005
Vol.11, Issue 2, 2005
Vol.11, Issue 1, 2005
Vol.10, Issue 04, 2004
Vol.10, Issue 03, 2004
Vol.10, Issue 02, 2004
Vol.10, Issue 01, 2004
Vol.09, Issue 04, 2003
Vol.09, Issue 03, 2003
Vol.09, Issue 02, 2003
Vol.08, Issue 04, 2002
Vol.08, Issue 03, 2002
Vol.08, Issue 01, 2002
Vol.07, Issue 04, 2001
Vol.07, Issue 03, 2001
Vol.07, Issue 02, 2001
Vol.07, Issue 01, 2001
Vol.06, Issue 04, 2000
Vol.06, Issue 03, 2000
Vol.06, Issue 02, 2000
Vol.06, Issue 01, 2000
Vol.05, Issue 04, 1999
Vol.05, Issue 03, 1999
Vol.05, Issue 02, 1999
Vol.05, Issue 01, 1999
Vol.04, Issue 1,2, 1998
Vol.03, Issue 3,4, 1997
Vol.03, Issue 01, 1997
Vol.02, Issue 1,2, 1996
Vol.01, Issue 14, 1995
Looking for Past Issues? Click here to get them!!