Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol 21, Issue 4, 2015; Page No.(2047-2054)

ASSESSMENT OF THE WATER QUALITY INDEX ON THE BASIS OF PHYSICOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS FROM HARIKE WETLAND (RAMSAR SITE), INDIA

Onkar Singh Brraich and Sulochana Jangu

Abstract

The present study deals with the assessment of Water Quality Index (WQI) of internationally important Harike wetland because it receives heavy loads of pollution from industries, municipal sewage, agricultural and human activities. Physicochemical parameters were monitored at three sites for the calculation of WQI in summer, monsoon and winter seasons between March, 2013 to February, 2014. The results revealed that the WQI of the wetland exceeded acceptable levels at all the sampling sites due to the dumping of various types of wastes. The wetland water quality comes under poor category on the basis of WQI value. If the present state of affairs continues for long, Harike wetland may soon become an ecologically dead wetland. Different conservation and restoration measures are strongly advocated for its sustainable development. During the present course of work, the baseline pollution data will be generated. This data will be very helpful to design various futuristic conservation strategies of this economically important wetland in India.

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