DETERMINATION OF CROP OPTIMAL PATTERN WITH EMPHASIS ON VILLAGE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, CONVERGENT WITH WATER, AGRICULTURAL MANAGEMENT (CASE STUDY: CHENARAN CITY - RAZAVI, KHORASAN, IRAN VILLAGE)Mahdi Mousavi, Mahdi Jahani and Hamid Jafari
There are always two important questions on production economics in agriculture, the allocation way of inputs and consumed resource and how to allocate production in basic resources of production. In general, there are 3 optimized goals in agricultural production, these include the following: 1) Achieving maximum physical product per area unit (operation per Hectare). 2) Achieving maximum profit. And 3) achieving minimum cost. Setting goal to achieve minimum cost has two optimal points including achieving maximum total physical production and to achieve maximum gross income. (Ajeli, 1384). Thus, due to limited resources, especially serious limitations in water resources village farmers have to do something for optimized specification of products in resources. This is called as editing the cropping pattern (the agricultural and livestock system). After suitable goal setting for production product specification management should be sapplied by the production manager. While, managing the specification of products must be in a way that maximum economical profit is achieved according to economical value of each water unit. As a conclusion, it can be said that the main issue is implementing demand management of scarce resource of water through the specification management of products so that the highest economic value is achieved from each volume unit of water based on cultivation program of products. In this paper, it is also tried to do something for determining optimized cultivation pattern using analytic hierarchy process (AHP) in sample villages (8 villages) in chenaran. While, to prove its authenticity TOPSIS model has been used.
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