Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol. 21 Suppl.Issue August 2015; Page No.(259-262)

PREVALENCE OF HAEMOPROTOZOAN PARASITES IN CATTLE IN SEMI ARID AREAS OF RAJASTHAN

Maria, A1., Nazir A., U., Suradkar, Z.A. Akoon and Gauri Sankar

Abstract

The prevalence of haemoprotozoan disease in cattle was studied by screening of 300 clinically suspected blood samples by Geimsa’s blood stained method during period from Nov. – 12 to Oct. 2013. Among 300 cattle screened, 75 (25%) were found positive for haemoprotozoan parasites. Out of 75 positive cases, 35 (47%) were found positive for Anaplasma marginale, 25 (33%) were positive for Theileria annulata and the remaining 15 (20%) animals were found positive for Babesia bigemina. Highest prevalence for haemoprotozoan diseases was found more in adult cattle more than 3 years age and female cattle as compared to young cattle less than 3 years of age and male cattle. Highest prevalence of haemoprotozoan diseases were recorded in summer season followed by monsoon season and least in winter season. The hematological observation revealed reduced Hb, Total erythrocyte count (TEC) and Packed cell volume (PCV) in the infected animals.

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