REVIEW OF WATER QUALITY AND POLLUTION IN COASTAL AREAS OF OMANB.S. CHOUDRI, MAHAD BAAWAIN AND MUSHTAQUE AHMED
The environmental status of the Omani coastal areas was assessed based on studies conducted in the Sultanate of Oman over the past few years. This review examines all kinds of pollution and impacts over the coastal areas of Oman by reviewing papers and reports in order to provide an overview of the pollution status regarding salinity, heavy metals and petroleum hydrocarbons. This review covers environmental pollution related to groundwater, soil as well as marine and coastal water, their effect on biological systems and marine organisms. Emphasis is placed on salinity and marine pollution, especially on heavy metals and petroleum hydrocarbon contaminations. Further, total petroleum hydrocarbons and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons were discussed in the biota and coastal sediments studied in the coast of Oman. This review provides information on severity of groundwater and soil salinity particularly along the Al-Batinah region and different concentrations of contaminated coastal areas from metals and oils. Finally, the review concludes with an outline of few sustainable management measures that could be considered for further assessment and evaluation towards the protection of the environment in the coastal areas of Oman.
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