FARMERS LEVEL INNOVATION FOR WATER USE IN AGRICULTURE A COMPARATIVE STUDY WITH IN WEST BENGALRituraj Darnal, T.K. Mandal, P.K. Patar and A.K. Roy
The study has been undertaken with specific objectives, i.e. to identify the process of innovations with respect to water use in agriculture. Fifteen farmers (150) have been taken from ten villages Gopiballavepur I block of West Midnapur district and Haringhata block of Nadia district of West Bengal, during the year 2013 for analysis of the facts. Frequency percentage has been used as a statistical tool for interpreting the findings The findings revealed that for regular basis water requirements, farmers usually innovate different ways of irrigation water accessing from the available water resources following specific pattern of arrangements, the single largest category makes use of long pipelines from pump to main field for irrigation to prevent water loss followed by the establishment of shallow tubewell by their own efforts and initiative. Farmers also harvested irrigation water from locally available natural resources through making Bundh or Valley on Khal or canal by reserving and checking natural rainfall. The panchayat institution and irrigation department have played a vital role to provide all kinds of assistance for installing Shallow Tubewell, Deep Tubewell, River Lifting Pump, creating Water Tanks, Ponds, Ditches and Canals as responded respectively.
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