Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol 21, Issue 1, 2015; Page No.(191-194)

QUALITY, N UPTAKE, WATER USE EFFICIENCY AND ECONOMICS OF FENNEL (FOENICULUM VULGARE) AS AFFECTED BY IRRIGATION LEVELS AND MULCHING PRACTICES

Madhuri Meena, L.R. Yadav, K.L. Regar, G.L. Choudhary, R. Verma and P. Deewan

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted on loamy sand soil during rabi, 2009-10 to find out the effect of irrigation and mulching practices on quality, N uptake, water use efficiency and economics of fennel. Results revealed that application of 6 irrigations significantly increased the essential oil content, protein content in seed, nitrogen content in seed and stover, total N uptake, consumptive use of water and net returns over 4 and 5 irrigations, but remained at par with 7 irrigations. However, water use efficiency was found maximum with 4 irrigations. Results further indicated that application of straw mulch significantly increased protein content in seed, nitrogen content in seed and stover, total N uptake, water use efficiency and net returns over control, dust and plastic mulch. Whereas, total N uptake increased and water use decreased significantly with straw mulch as compared to control and dust mulch, but remained at par with plastic mulch.

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