Asian Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology & Environmental Sciences Paper

Vol 17, Issue 1, 2015; Page No.(267-272)

AN ASSESSMENT OF SURFACE WATER POLLUTION CAUSED BY THE INDUSTRIAL EFFLUENTS AND ITS CHEMICAL QUALITY IN AND AROUND ERODE (T.N), INDIA

T. SHANMUGASUNDARI, S. CHITRA, C. PRAGATHISWARAN AND K.V. HEMALATHA

Abstract

Present study is focused on the impact of effluent from tanneries and textile industries on the chemical characteristics of various water bodies in and around Erode, Tamilnadu, India. More than 40 tanneries and 500 textile dyeing industries are there in Erode. The surface water bodies affected are River Cauvery, Kalingarayan canal and Lower Bhavani Project canal which are used for drinking, household and irrigation purposes. Sixteen water samples were collected from various parts of industrial region and the samples were analyzed. Standard procedures were adopted to calculate the physical properties and trace elements in water samples. It is found in many samples that the water quality gets deteriorated. Presence of heavy metal toxicity such as Chromium, Cadmium and Lead also identified in some stations. Hence the flow of industrial, municipal and household effluents into the surface water causes serious pollution problems. A Perspective of environmental pollution associated with various industrial effluents and its remedies are described.

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