A STUDY ON EXTENT AND LEVEL OF ADOPTION OF PESTICIDES IN POTATO CROPQuadri Javeed Ahmad Peer, M.A. Beigh, Nafees Ahmad, Abdul Rauf and Jasvinder Kaur
A study on extent and level of adoption of plant protection practices in potato crop by the potato farmers in the sub-tropical zone of Jammu dvision of Jammu and Kashmir State was conducted during 2011-12. Three districts namely Jammu, Kathua and Samba were selected purposively on the basis of maximum area under potato crop in the sub-tropical zone of Jammu division. A sample size of 225 potato growers was selected randomly from 15: villages selected purposively on the basis of proportionality of area under potato cultivation. The potato farmers have used both recommended and non-recommended pesticides. More than half of the farmers had used recommended insecticides endosulphan 35 EC and 32 per cent of farmers had adopted dimethoate 30 EC to control the insect/pest like cutworm, potato aphids and potato leaf hopper. Fifty six per cent potato farmers had applied recommended fungicide copper oxychloride and 27 per cent farmers had used metalxyl+mancozeb. The level of adoption of recommended dosage of pesticide was about 45.00 per cent of farmers revealed complete adoption of recommended doses of insecticides like; endosulphan 35 EC and 52 per cent farmers had adopted dimethoate 30 EC. Further (48%) of farmers had used recommended dosage of fungicides copper oxychloride and 49 per cent of farmers had adopted metalxyl+mancozeb to control the diseases such as late blight and early blight.
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