Pollution Research Paper

Vol 33, Issue 03, 2014 ; Page No.(577-582 )

A STUDY ON ADVANCED TREATMENT METHODS FOR TREATMENT OF TEXTILE INDUSTRY EFFLUENT, TIRUPUR, INDIA

D. ARIVUKKARASU

Abstract

In India groundwater is the major source of drinking water for millions of rural and urban families. Groundwater is generally less susceptible to contamination and pollution when compared to surface water bodies. Also, the natural impurities in rainwater, which replenishesgroundwater systems, get removed while infiltrating through soil strata. In India, where groundwater is used intensively for irrigation and industrial purposes, a variety of land and water-based human activities are causing pollution of this precious resource. Tirupur, Tamilnadu is one of the largest contributors to India’s textile output and has 5450 units in this business. But thisincreasing commercialization has an impact on its environment especially on groundwater. It isfacing a severe shortage of potable water. The dyeing and bleaching units are pumping out largequantities of effluents, as a result the ground water and water bodies have degraded up to a largeextent. In Tirupur 700 dyeing units discharge 100 million litres of untreated effluents every day. As a result, sludge has deposited largely in NoyyalRiver, a tributary of Cauvery. The Noyyal River has been associated with severe water qualityproblems and the practice of discharging untreated industrial waste into the river course is alarming. The quality of groundwater in Tirupur regions hasbeen deteriorating rapidly during the last decade. In this paper efforts have been made for assessing the quality of groundwater, water samples from the study area were collected and analyzed for physicochemical parameters. Also suggest the prevention of groundwater from textile industries effluents and remedial strategies for sustainable development.

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