INDIAN MACKEREL (RASTRALLIGER KANAGURTA) - LEVEL OF AWARENESS AND RATIONALE OF COMPLIANCE BY THE FISHERS ON RESPONSIBLE FISHERIES OFF MANGALORE COAST, INDIAShankar Gondhalli, S. M Shivaprakash, A.R. Vijay, A., S. Benakappa, S. R. Somshekar, M. Suresh Adiga and K. J. Maheshwara
The monthly percentage contribution of mackerel catch to the total catch varied from 0.42% (May) to 15.01% August). Fishers perception on responsible fisheries and their awareness on responsible fisheries were assessed in the field. It was observed, that they were aware of Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries (56%). However, it was observed that 44 percent of the fishers were not aware of importance of basics of CCRF. All the fishers were aware of the reason for ban. According to fishers, some of the reasons for ban were safety measures (86%), breeding season of fish (62%) and also to reduce the fishing pressure (60%). Out of 4 fishing villages 77% of fishers agreed that catch increased immediately after the ban period, said that many technical measures aimed at the conservation and recovery of fish stocks are based on the implementation of minimum mesh sizes to guarantee a certain level of fishing gear selectivity. The gear selectivity is one of the important tools in responsible fisheries. It is very important method to avoid by-catch and to protect juveniles. So there is proper identification of mesh size for all fishes required.
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