Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol 20, Issue 2, 2014; Page No.(427-432)

ANALYZING SPATIAL PATTERN OF DROUGHT CHANGES IN IRAN, USING STANDARDIZED PERCIPETATION INDEX (SPI)

Abdol Rassoul Zareiee, Masoud Masoudi and Ali Reza Mahmodi

Abstract

At present, the Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) is the most widely used drought index to provide good estimations about the intensity, magnitude and spatial extent of droughts. The objective of this study was Analyzing Spatial Pattern of Drought by SPI index. In this paper, according to the data of 40 stations in Iran during 1967-2005, the pattern of drought changes is evaluated. Influenced zone of each station was specified by thiessen method. The results of this paper showed that the surface percent of the wet area has been decreased during a period evaluation. The surface percent of the extremely wet areas, very wet areas and moderately wet areas have had a descending trend. However, only the descending trend of moderately wet areas has been significant, but the surface percent of the dry areas have had an ascending trend. The surface percent of moderately dry areas and very dry areas have had an ascending trend. However, only the ascending trend of moderately dry areas has been significant.

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