SANITARY ANALYSIS OF SITARAAM JAJU SAGAR DAM, NEEMUCH, MADHYA PRADESHSONU CHOUHAN, ARCHANA PANCHOLI AND RITU VYAS
Diseases from dirty water and lack of sanitation kill more people every year than all forms of violence, including war. Priority needs to be given to improving and developing the drinking water supplies that represent the greatest public health risk. Improving access to safe drinking water can result in tangible benefits to health. Every effort should be made to achieve a drinking water quality as safe as practicable. AIM: The present research was intended to obtain information about the sanitary situation of Sitaraam Jaju Sagar Dam. The dam is the sole source of drinking water to the inhabitants of Neemuch. The Dam water is treated by Hingoria Water Treatment Plant through Flocculation by Alum, Rapid Sand Filtration and final chlorination by chlorine. This treated water is directly supplied to the community without any bacteriological testing; hence this study aims to evaluate the microbiological quality of water and comparison of the results with the National and International Standards for drinking water. METHODOLOGY: Water samples from the Dam, Outlet of plant and Household tap were collected twice a month and analyzed for Total Viable Count, Total Coli forms and presence of water borne Pathogens, using Standard methods (APHA, 99). RESULTS & DISCUSSION: The results revealed that water samples from the dam, Hingoria plant and household tap failed to meet the Standards, throughout the year and therefore are not acceptable for drinking. The bacterial isolates recovered from the samples are- V. cholerae, Salmonella, Shigella, P. aeruginosa, S. aureus, and E. coli. CONCLUSION: From the results, it can be concluded that the dam water is highly contaminated with fecal matter, domestic sewage, soil and agricultural runoff, effluents from septic system and is not suitable for drinking; moreover the Hingoria Treatment Plant is inefficient to treat such a highly contaminated water to make it suitable for drinking. RECOMMENDATIONS: Hingoria Treatment Plant must be upgraded and supplied water must be regularly assessed for the presence of coli forms at its source and consumer point areas before an outbreak of epidemic occurs.
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