ASSESSMENT OF THE SELECTED PESTICIDE DEGRADATION ABILITY OF BACILLUS AND PSEUDOMONAS SPSS.S. SHAKHILA AND KESHAV MOHAN
By far and away the most significant degradation of a pesticide occurs due to microbial degradation. This type of degradation occurs when microorganisms such as fungi and bacteria use the technical grade pesticide as a food. Microorganisms play an important role in the bioconversion and total breakdown of pesticides in the Environment. This study was conducted to assess the pesticide degradation ability of Bacillus and Pseudomonas sps.The screening test conducted to reveal the ability to degrade Chlorpyrifosand Methyl parathion shows that Bacillus spswas more predominant in biodegradation than Pseudomonas.The pesticide degradation was estimated by optical density method. Methyl parathion was highly degraded compared to chlorpyrifos. This study clearly proves that pesticides and their residue degradation can be accelerated by employing microbes which can be effectively utilized both as biocontrol agent and soil cleanser.
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