Pollution Research Paper

Vol.32, Issue 04, 2013; Page No.(849-858)

SUSTAINING THE REGIME OF CLIMATE CHANGE WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO INDIA

SMITA SHARMA, SHWETA SHARMA AND SUCHARITA SHARMA

Abstract

The largest problem the world is witnessing today is climate change which will significantly alter the distribution and function of most of the worldÂ’s natural systems. The carbon footprint of India is very small with per capita emission of only 1.7 tonnes per annum and modeling studies indicate that even in 2030 the per capita emission will not exceed 3.7 tonnes. India as a developing country is constructively engaged in various negotiations with the most recent one at Durban. It has taken additional mitigation actions in a regime of international transparency. It also cannot ignore the primary goal of social and economic development. At a recently concluded meeting of 17th Conference of Parties in Durban, South Africa, India indicated that the country although is fulfilling the obligations of Kyoto yet it is time the developed countries step in to fulfill their commitment under UNFCC and Kyoto Protocol. This paper examines the common but differentiated responsibility of a developing nation as India and also tries to assess whether the actions adopted by the Indian Government are adequate to sustain the climate change regime.

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