Pollution Research Paper

Vol.32, Issue 03, 2013; Page No.(693-698)

SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT AND MATERIAL RECOVERY IN AN URBAN AREA IN INDIA- A CASE STUDY OF BERHAMPUR MUNICIPALITY (ODISHA)

D. VIJAYA KUMAR AND M. UMADEVI

Abstract

Present status of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Management in Berhampur municipality in India is not satisfactory and deserves improvement. The rate of per capita generation of MSW and total quantity of waste generated was estimated as 0.225 Kg/person/day and 75.362 T/day respectively. Overall, 29 grab samples were collected from representative locations and analyzed for physical and chemical characteristics. Time and motion studies of solid waste collection vehicles reveal significant variations in time taken for a trip, distance traveled per trip, weight transported per trip, cost per trip and unit cost, i.e. cost to transport 1.0T of waste by 1.0 Km and this offers ample scope for route optimization. Nearly 250 rag pickers and 100 Kabadiwalas recover 10-15 T of materials like paper, plastics, metals, etc. values of compostable matter(TCM 40-45%) render composting yard and compost to market yards, decentralized composting adopting a novel method of “Compost Parks” wherein vacant spaces in public places like parks, educational institutions, office complexes, etc. is suggested. A pilot vermin composting unit constructed at Rabindra Sarover Lake, one of the heritage places in Kolkata, India successfully demonstrates the feasibility of Compost Parks.

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