OBESITY, LIPID PROFILES AND PREVALENCE OF DYSLIPIDEMIA AMONGST DIABETIC PATIENTS IN WARANGALA. SRINIVAS REDDY, T. BIKSHAPATHI, M. ESTARI AND M. KRISHNA REDDY
The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence of dyslipidemia; obesity was examined in 923 patients with diabetes mellitus attending a diabetic clinic in a private hospital, Warangal. We studied 335 male and 588 female adolescents (13.2+1 years) during the year 2007 and 2008. Anthropometry, blood pressure, and 12-hour fasting lipids were measured. Body-mass index (BMI) was calculated by dividing weight in kg by squared height in meters. The mean body mass index (BMI) was 24.4 + 3.2 kg/m2 in females and 24.2 + 3.2 kg/m2 in males. Obesity was present in 17% of males (BMI > 27 kg/m2) and 40% of females (BMI>25 kg/m2). The most prevalent dyslipidemia was low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) (<35 mg/dL) either combined with other abnormalities (17.5% for male and 12.9% for female subjects) or isolated (13.5% and 9.6% for male and female subjects). Obese subjects showed the highest prevalence of low HDL-C (47.2% for male and 34.4% for female subjects) and of high total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and triglycerides (TG) (19.4%, 27.8%, and 36.1%, respectively, for male subjects; 9.8%, 13.1%, and 24.6%, respectively, for female subjects). Among these patients of young onset, obesity was present in 25% of males and 56% of females. Overall, 18% of these patients had a blood pressure greater than 140/90 mmHg. Increased blood lipids over long periods suggest that, as adults, these adolescents will be facing a higher risk for atherosclerosis.
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