Asian Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology & Environmental Sciences Paper

Vol 11, Issue 1, 2009; Page No.(55-59 )

ORAL AND RESPIRATORY CANCER: A CLINICAL AND EPIDEMIOLOGICAL CASE STUDY

SHASHI A., A. KAPOOR AND M. BHARDWAI

Abstract

The study was conducted on 110 patients who presented with oral and respiratory cancer in the Departments of ENT, and Medicine and Radiotherapy, Government Rajendra Hospital, Patiala, India. The study showed that most of the patients had no familial history of these cancers. Most of the patients affected were males, in the age groups of 40-60 years. Most of the patients of oral cancer suffered from the tongue carcinoma (28.18%) and those of respiratory cancer suffered from esophageal carcinoma. The orodental hygiene of patients was generall-, poor. History of chronic smoking was recorded in 80 patients. Chronic alcohol consumption was noted in 70 patients. Betel nut chewing history was noted in 87 subjects. Non- vegetarian population i.e. 65.45% of the total was found to be more affected than vegetarian population which was only 34.54%. The patients were mostly from agricultural community. Rural section was more affected than urban one. No relationship between anemia, jaundice, cirrosis with oral and respiratory cancer patients was noted. However, there was decrease in the levels of haemoglobin. The various clinical features found associated with oral and respiratory cancer were loss of weight, dysphasia, and pain in breathing and swallowing, pain in throat while horseness of voice was found in the cancer of larynx.

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