THE STUDY ON HEAVY METAL CONTAMINATION AND ITS IMPACT ON MACHNA RIVER, BETUL (MADHYA PRADESH), INDIANeelesh Shrivastava1, D.D. Mishra2 and P.K. Mishra3
River water is not safe due to the high levels of toxic metals at some sampling points. However it has been found within the limit The traces of toxic metals in River water indicates contamination in water body, however the impact is not well defined. The water supply for domestic as well as irrigational purposes from the Machna River should be treated for toxic metal ions, and immediate action should be taken to control the quality of the river water. The water quality of the Machna River at Betul (M.P.) has been studied with reference to toxic metals during pre, monsoon and post-monsoon seasons. The metals analyzed include cadmium,chromium, copper, iron, manganese, lead and zinc. The quality of river water has deteriorated due to the continuous discharge of municipal and industrial, household effluents from various drains. The metal load discharged by various drains is quite high. The results show that the maximum load of metal ions was transported from Idol immersion point near Badora under Bridge and Most of the metal ions show higher concentrations in the post-monsoon season. The main sources of metal pollution in the Machna River include municipal, industrial effluents and hospital waste. The water quality should be treated for the toxic metals before the supply for drinking as well as irrigational purposes.
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