Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol.18, Issue 04, 2012; Page No.(1045-1049)

ASSESSMENT OF SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION MEASURES: A CASE STUDY OF THE DISTRICT BANSWARA, RAJASTHAN, INDIA

Manjeet Singh and Urmila

Abstract

This study was undertaken in three Villages in Banswara district of the Rajasthan to determine the level of soil erosion on farmlands as well as the soil and water conservation measures adopted by farmers in the area. The results indicated that the farmlands are moderately sloppy (4%) with an estimated soil loss of 2.6 tonnes/ha. Average bulk density was found to be 1.6 g/cm3, indicating slightly compact soil leading to low infiltration rate. Conservation measures put in place by farmers to reduce erosion, increased soil nutrients and conserve moisture include; ridging across the slope, mounding with mulching, use of chemical fertilizer and manure application. The study revealed that soil erosion is moderately high in the area but farmers have put measures in place to reduce its effects and conserve soil moisture.

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