Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol.15, Issue 04, 2009; Page No.(715-724)

UTILIZATION OF PROBLEMATIC SOIL AND WATER RESOURCES THROUGH AROMATIC PLANTS

O.P. Aishwath and, ShyamVir S. Nibauria

Abstract

India has vast area under the different problems of soils and about 167 million hectare suffering from various degradations. These problems — wind and water erosion, water stagnation, salinity and sodicity are most prominent. Other than these problems, some of these soils are poor in fertility and scarcities of total as well as good quality of underground irrigation water make them unsuitable for food grain production. Population pressure on land is increasing day by day and per capita land is shrinking down. Therefore, utilization of problematic soil for the production of aromatic plant is a wise step for conserving our natural resources and managing crop biodiversity which ultimately adds to our national economy. The information available on this line are compiled which enunciate that the saline/alkaline soils and water resource could be utilized for the production of palmarosa, lemongrass, vetiver, jamarosa, citronella, ambrette, chamomile, fennel, dill, lavender, mint, ocimum, celery and eucalyptus. For utilization of eroded lands, eucalyptus, Cymbopogons, ocimum, lavender and roses are promising. Aromatic grasses, peppermint, davana, coriander, fenugreek lavender and geranium are suitable for nutritionally eroded soil and some of them have association with VAM leads to effective utilization of available nutrients and water by them. Under submergence or water logging condition, sweet flag, cardamom, clove, kewada, mint and vetiver could be taken successfully with due cares.

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