Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol.15, Issue 03, 2009; Page No.(547-550)

BIODIVERSITY STUDIES ON FLORA OF FORTS IN HYDERABAD KARNATAKA REGION, INDIA

C. Shrishail and Pratima Mathad

Abstract

Hyderabad Karnataka region is situated in North Eastern part of Karnataka. It has 4 districts (Gulbarga, Bidar, , Raichur, and Koppal) covering an area of 20, 448 sq.km. The Region has many Historical heritage Forts. These Forts have rich plant diversity. The Important Forts of this region are Bahamani Fort, Band Shahi fort, Bellary fort, Shorapur fort, Malkhed fort, BasavaKalyan fort, Koppal fort, Hampi fort, etc. The Survey was conducted from October 2006 to September 2009. The forts have scrubby Vegetation which includes Herbs, Shrubs, Climbers, Creepers, Epilithophytes and few Tree species. In the present study 125 plant species belonging to 45 families both lower and higher plants were Identified. In which Herbs are the largest species widely distributed in the Forts of Hyderabad Karnataka region.

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