Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol.15, Issue 02, 2009; Page No.(337-344)

GROWTH, YIELD, QUALITY AND NUTRIENTS UPTAKE OF WHEAT UNDER DIFFERENT SOWING DATES AND PLANTING TECHNIQUES IN LEGUME CEREAL BASED CROPPING SYSTEMS IN SCARCITY ZONE OF WESTERN MAHARASHTRA

A.B. Kamble, H.M. Patil and C.B. Gaikwad

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted during 2002-03 and 2003-04 to evaluate different cropping sequences in relation to time of sowing and planting techniques. All the growth and yield attributes of wheat (46 MW) during rabi season were found significantly higher due to normal sowing date (46 MW) than late sowing date (48 MW) during both the years.The normal sowing date (46 MW) registered significantly higher grain, straw and biological yield than early (44 MW) and late sowing date (48 MW) in wheat crop. The soybean-wheat cropping sequence exhibited significantly higher growth attributes and yield than pearlmillet — wheat cropping sequence. The yield attributes of wheat (rabi season) were significantly increased with alternate row skipped planting technique than conventional and one row skipped after every two rows planting techniques. However, grain, straw and biological yield of wheat crop were significantly higher with conventional planting technique during both the years.The highest total uptake of N, P205 and K20 by the plants was observed due to normal sowing date, soybean-wheat cropping sequence and with conven- tional planting technique during both the years.

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