Asian Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology & Environmental Sciences Paper

Vol.13, Issue 3, 2011; Page No.(435-439)

ASSESSMENT OF THE MICROBIOLOGICAL QUALITY OF CAMWOOD (BAPHIA NITIDA)LODD FROM DIFFERENT LOCATIONS IN NIGERIA

O. K. AGWA AND E.C.WOKOMA

Abstract

The microbiological quality of sixteen selected camwood dye samples obtained from four different locations in Nigeria were evaluated. Using the spread plate technique, the total viable count revealed that the dye from Calabar had the highest bacterial cou-nt of 8.5x106cfu/g while dye from Lagos had the highest fungal count of 6.1x106cfu/g. Seven genera of bacteria were isolated: Bacillus sp., Clavibacter sp. and Streptococcus sp., occurred in most of the dyes followed by Staphylococcus sp., Micrococcus sp., Citrobacter sp. and Pseudomonas sp.. Among the five fungal isolates, Aspergillus sp., dominated and the least genera isolated were Candida sp. and Mucor sp. It is recommended that use of camwood dyes in cosmetics should be done with caution and with sterilized product as the dyes contain microorganisms that may be pathogenic.

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