Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol.15, Issue 1, 2009; Page No.(81-85)

ENERGY USE PATTERN IN AGRICULTURE IN A CHANGING TRIBAL AREA, MICRO LEVEL ANALYSIS

S.P. Mohapatra and H.P. Sahoo

Abstract

A micro level analytical study of energy use pattern in agriculture was conducted in the eleven tribal villages of three panchayats( Chikalbahal, Kudasinga, Bhutiyarbahal) of Bolangir Dist.of Orissa, dominated by tribal like sangara, kondha, gonc-I, mahar etc. To statistically prove the relationship between the four factors i.e income level, area under irrigated cropped land, area under unirrigated cropped land, family size and the agricultural energy consumption level. The tribal Panchayats require 1.0.8 lakh MJ of energy per annum (equal to 3 lakh units of electricity) of cultivate crops in 36 ha. of irrigated land & 60 ha. of unirrigated land. On an average the Panchayats consumes 11194 MJ of energy per ha. of cropped area per annum for agricultural operations.

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