Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol.14, Issue 2-3, 2008; Page No.(207-212)

TEMPERATURE ANOMALIES IN GWAGWALADA TOWN, FEDERAL CAPITAL TERRITORY, ABUJA, NIGERIA

S.M. Hassan, S. lshaya and M.Y. Haruna

Abstract

This research is basically to determine the assertion that G‘Vci', Vc1 lade temperature is warmer than its surroundings settlements within the Federal Capital Territory (FCT), Nigeria, the magnitude of the variation, if it does exit and factors responsible for such variation. In carrying out this study, various weather elements were obtained such as mean montlilv t perti LI re, mean diurnal range of temperature was derived, monthly mean relative humidity for GwajoAulada, Kuje, Kwali and Abuja Airport. The data were obtained from University of Abuja Mini Campus NItitoorological Station, Nigeria Meteorological Agency at Nnamdi Azikwe Internanonal Airport Abuja, while Kwali and Kuje data were obtained from Abuja Agricultural Development Projeci ( iP). Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and Coefficient of Variance was employed. 1 emperai.ures ol:!,• • stud \ area (Gwagwalada) and other surrounding towns were presented graphically per: L',00;L, i:1,•thod of data presentation. Results of water level of hand dug wells in the four tOWIlS NVCIV Heat lv show that the ground water level of Gwagwalada is higher than its neighboi to!- c moined with anthropogenic activities has contributed to the abnormal aiming C,vcagwaltida .-i)mpai,id to other settlements in the region. Above all, Gwagwalada is at the lowest elevation above S1,1 in the region which could also explain its abnormal warmness. This is due to the fact that areas closer to sea levels are quite warmer than areas further above sea level.

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